ARCHIVES AND THE PUBLIC GOOD
Richard J. Cox and David A. Wallace, Editors
Richard J. Cox is a Professor in Library and Information Science at the University of Pittsburgh, School of Information Sciences where he is responsible for the archives concentration in the Master's in Library Science degree. Prior to his current position he worked at the New York State Archives and Records Administration, Alabama Department of Archives and History, the City of Baltimore, and the Maryland Historical Society. He chaired the Society of American Archivists (SAA) committee that drafted new graduate archival education guidelines adopted by its Council in 1988, served for four years as a member of that association's Committee on Education and Professional Development, and was a member of the Society's governing Council from 1986 through 1989. Dr. Cox served as Editor of the American Archivist from 1991 through 1995. He has written extensively on archival and records management topics and has published six books in this area: American Archival Analysis: The Recent Development of the Archival Profession in the United States (1990) -- winner of the Waldo Gifford Leland Award given by the Society of American Archivists; Managing Institutional Archives: Foundational Principles and Practices (1992); The First Generation of Electronic Records Archivists in the United States: A Study in Professionalization (1994); Documenting Localities (1996); Closing an Era: Historical Perspectives on Modern Archives and Records Management (2000); and Managing Records as Evidence and Information (2001).
David A. Wallace is an Assistant Professor at the School of Information, University of Michigan, where he teaches in the areas of archives and records management. He holds a B.A. from Binghamton University, a Masters of Library Science from the University at Albany, and a doctorate from the University of Pittsburgh. Between 1988 and 1992, he served as Records/Systems/Database Manager at the National Security Archive in Washington, D.C., a non-profit research library of declassified U.S. government records. While at the NSA he also served as Technical Editor to their The Making of U.S. Foreign Policy series. From 1993-1994, he served as a research assistant to the University of Pittsburgh's project on Functional Requirements for Evidence in Recordkeeping, and as a Contributing Editor to Archives and Museum Informatics: Cultural Heritage Informatics Quarterly. From 1994 to 1996, he served as a staff member to the U.S. Advisory Council on the National Information Infrastructure. In 1997, he completed a dissertation analyzing the White House email "PROFS" case and is reworking the manuscript for publication.
Kimberly Barata is a specialist in information management, emphasizing
electronic records management and archives. In 2001, Ms Barata co-founded The Missenden Group. As a Director of the Group, she provides consultancy advice and training for developing strategic records solutions for organizational growth. Formerly the research manager and a consultant for the International Records Management Trust, Ms. Barata has advised the Governments of Ghana, Malta Namibia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe, and the Secretariat for the Commission for East African Cooperation on a range of record keeping issues. Kimberly is a full member of the International Council on Archives (ICA) Committee on Current Records in an Electronic Environment, serves on the editorial board of Library & Archival Security, the publications board of the Society of American Archivists and as an expert evaluator for the European Commission Directorate-General Information Society.
Greg Bradsher is Director, Holocaust-Era Assets Records Project, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). Dr. Bradsher served as his agency’s representative to the Interagency Group on Nazi Assets and served on the staff of the Nazi War Criminal Records Interagency Working Group. He was a member of the U.S. Delegations to the Washington Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets and the Vilnius (Lithuania) Forum on Looted Cultural Property. He has participated in international conferences in Switzerland and Israel, and served as the director of NARA’s Symposium on Holocaust-Era Assets Records and Research. He has authored several articles and given numerous presentations about the search for records relating to Holocaust-Era assets and his 1,200-page guide to Holocaust-Era assets records at NARA was published in 1999. Among Dr. Bradsher’s other publications are Managing Archives and Archival Institutions (University of Chicago Press, 1989) and numerous articles in archival journals.
Piers Cain has extensive operational experience in a wide range of organizations, including business, international financial institutions and local government. Formerly the founding Director of the International Records Management Trust's Rights and Records Institute, in 2001, Mr. Cain co-founded The Missenden Group. As a Director he provides consultancy advice, international development advice, training and research. Piers has extensive consultancy experience, particularly focusing on personnel and payroll information systems as part of government-wide civil service reform programs. He has worked in a variety of countries overseas, including Cameroon, Ghana, Malaysia, Namibia, Uganda, Ukraine, Tanzania, The Gambia, United States and Zimbabwe. Piers is on the editorial board of Archives and Museum Informatics. He has served as international liaison member of the International Standards Organization (ISO) Technical Committee 46, Sub-Committee 11 Archives/Records Management.
Robin L. Chandler is the Manger of the Online Archive of California (OAC) a digital information resource of the California Digital Library (CDL). Prior to working at the CDL, she was Head of Archives and Special Collections at the University of California, San Francisco where she directed the Tobacco Control Archives (TCA). Ms. Chandler has served as Archivist for the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, and has worked in the archival programs at Stanford University Special Collections and the National Maritime Museum, San Francisco. Currently President of the Society of California Archivists, Ms. Chandler holds a Masters in Library and Information Sciences from University of California, Berkeley and a Masters in American History from San Francisco State University.
Terry Cook is Visiting Professor (since 1998) in the graduate-level archival studies program at the University of Manitoba where he teaches appraisal, electronic records, and archival history, as well as being a freelance archival consultant, editor, and writer (with Clio Consulting). He has also taught at the School of Information, University of Michigan, and elsewhere. Before 1998, he was a senior manager at the National Archives of Canada and became known internationally for his contributions to the appraisal and electronic records programs of the National Archives for Canadian government records. He has published on every continent on a wide range of archival subjects, conducted many workshops and seminars on appraisal, electronic records, and archival ethics, and served as General Editor of Archivaria (the national journal of the Association of Canadian Archivists) as well as Editor of two scholarly series/journals of the Canadian Historical Association. His most recent publication activity has been editing the forthcoming Electronic Records Practice: Lessons from the National Archives of Canada and co-editing Imagining Archives: Essays by Hugh A. Taylor, With New Reflections. He holds a Ph.D. in Canadian history from Queen's University in Kingston and is a Fellow of the Society of American Archivists.
Barbara Craig is an Associate Professor of archives in the Faculty of Information Studies of the University of Toronto. She has a Ph.D. in Archive Studies. Prior to her appointment in 1973, Barbara was an archivist at the Archives of Ontario and most recently at York University where she was University Archivist and head of Archives and Special Collections. Barbara has been Chair of the Ontario Council of Archives, and officer of the Association of Canadian Archivists in many capacities, and a Director of the Ontario Women's History Network. She is the immediate past chair of the Canadian Council of Archives Preservation Committee and Reviews Editor for the American Archivist. Barbara has undertaken research into hospital archives in Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom. She has consulted widely on the establishment of institutional archives. Her interests lie in the integration of archives with their institutions and with broader themes of cultural memory, genres of records, office ecologies and the history of records and archives. She has published widely on the history of record keeping, on the history of medicine and medical archives, and archival theory. A second, revised and enlarged edition of her Medical Archives: What they are and How to keep them was published in 2000. She recently completed a case study of an electronic patient records and information system at a public hospital in Ontario as part of the InterPARES research into the long-term preservation of authentic records in electronic form. She is currently revising her manuscript on archival appraisal for publication as a monograph in 2002 by K.G. Saur.
Shelley Davis worked for 16 years as an historian for the federal government, spending nine years with the Department of Defense and eight years as the only historian to ever work for the Internal Revenue Service. At the end of 1995, Ms. Davis resigned from her position with the IRS in protest over the agency's failure to halt the illegal destruction of government documents, including its historical record. Ms. Davis subsequently wrote a book about her experiences with the IRS, Unbridled Power: Inside the Secret Culture of the IRS (New York: Harper Business, 1997). She has testified before Congress on numerous occasions about government record keeping and accountability and is a recognized expert on IRS history and record keeping.
David B. Gracy II, archivist, historian, and educator, is the Governor Bill Daniel Professor in Archival Enterprise and Director of the Center for the Cultural Record in the Graduate School of Library and Information Science at the University of Texas at Austin, where he teaches a course on the nature, detection, and impact on society of forged historical and literary documents. His article on the authenticity of the Jose Enrique de la Pena diary and extended narrative of the operation of the Mexican Army in Texas during the Texas Revolution, branded a forgery on account of its description of the death of David Crockett, appeared in the October, 2001, issue of the Southwestern Historical Quarterly. A former president of the Society of American Archivists, the Academy of Certified Archivists, and the Society of Georgia Archivists, and a Fellow of the Society of American Archivists, he has served as Archivist of the Southwest Collection of Texas Tech University, as University Archivist at Georgia State University, and as Director of the Texas State Archives. He served as the founding editor of Georgia Archive. In addition to his courses in archival enterprise at the University of Texas at Austin, he has taught a full course at San Jose State University; short courses at the University of the Republic (Uruguay), the Federal University of Santa Maria (Brazil), and the University of the Philippines; and has lectured on archival enterprise in the Modern, Georgia, and Western Archives Institutes, as well as in several foreign countries. A Fellow of the Texas State Historical Association, Gracy is the author of Moses Austin: His Life (1986).
Verne Harris is Director of the South African History Archive, an independent archive established in the 1980s to document the struggles against apartheid. At the same time he is a part-time lecturer in archives for the University of the Witwatersrand’s postgraduate program in heritage studies. Between 1985 and April 2001 he was with South Africa’s State Archives Service and the post-apartheid National Archives, rising to the position of deputy director in 1993. He holds an M.A. in history from the University of Natal, and has published widely in the fields of archives, records management, history, music, and fiction. He participated in a number of key processes leading to the transformation of South Africa's apartheid public records system: from 1992 to 1993 he served on the African National Congress' Archives Sub-committee; in 1995 he chaired the working committee of the Consultative Forum which drafted the National Archives of South Africa Act; and from 1997 to 1998 was a member of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's investigative team responsible for investigating the destruction of records by the apartheid state. He was editor of the South African Archives Journal between 1988 and 1998, and was recently appointed to the editorial boards of the international journals Archivum and Archival Science. In 2000 he was appointed chairperson of the national Standards Generating Body for Archives and Records Management.
Chris Hurley has an Honors degree in History from Sydney University and post-graduate diplomas in Education (University of Sydney), Librarianship (University of New South Wales), and Archives Studies (University of London). He has been General Manager (Archives Business) at Archives New Zealand since 1997 and was acting Chief Archivist of New Zealand from 1998 to 2000. He has also worked in government archives programs in Australia, both Federal (Australian Archives, 1971-1980) and State (Public Record Office of Victoria, 1981-1997). He helped prepare the 1983 federal Archives Act in Australia and was a consultant on archives legislation for Queensland and New South Wales and for the Australian Law Reform Commission's Review of the federal Archives Act. His other special interest is archival documentation and standards, and he is well known in Australia and elsewhere for his writings on these subjects. He has taught in these areas in both Sydney and Melbourne, and has served on boards and committees of professional associations in archives and records management in Australia and elsewhere.
Victoria Lemieux is a records and information management consultant based in London, England. From 1993 to July, 2001 she was in Kingston, Jamaica working as, first, Campus Records Manager at the Mona Campus of the University of the West Indies and, later, University Archivist. Prior to this, she was Director of Records and Information Services for the City of Edmonton, Government Records Archivist at the Provincial Archives of Alberta, and Government Records Analyst at the Records Management Branch of the Government of British Columbia. She is a graduate of the University of Toronto (Canadian History) and the University of British Columbia's Master of Archival Studies Program, and is currently pursuing her doctorate in Archive Studies at University College London. She has previously written a number of articles on archives and records management.
James M. O'Toole is Associate Professor of history at Boston College. After a career as an archivist for the New England Historic Genealogical Society, the Massachusetts State Archives, and the Archives of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston, he turned to teaching. For fifteen years, he was a member of the history department of the University of Massachusetts - Boston, where he directed the M.A. program in history and archival methods. In addition to numerous publications on the history of American religion, he is the author and editor of many articles and books on archives, including Understanding Archives and Manuscripts (1990) and The Records of American Business (1997). He served as a consultant and expert witness during the Martin Luther King Jr. papers trial.
Dawn Routledge is the Archives Development Officer for the Regions of the National Council on Archives. She was formerly the Researcher for the International Records Management Trust, carrying out projects in Ghana, Namibia and Tanzania. During 1999 Ms. Routledge worked with the Trust as Project Manager on the Management of Public Sector Records Study Program until its successful launch. She is a graduate of the University College London School of Library, Archive and Information Studies with an M.A. in Archives and Records Management. Prior to this she had developed a wide range of skills in organizations including Kings College London and the Corporation of London.
Susan Storch received a B.A. from McGill University in Montreal in 1990 and an M.A. in History and Archival Methods from the University of Massachusetts, Boston in 1994. She worked on the Human Radiation Experiments project at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory from 1994 to 1995, was Project Archivist for Tobacco Control at the University of California, San Francisco from 1995 to 1996, and was University Archivist at the University of Oregon from 1996 to 2001. Currently she is a Project Archivist at the Judah L. Magnes Museum in Berkeley, California and working as an archival consultant in the Bay Area.
Anne Van Camp is currently Manager of Member Initiatives for the Research Libraries Group, Inc. Prior to going to RLG, she was director of the Archives of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University for 8 years. Before that she was Vice President for Information Services at the Chase Manhattan Bank. She is currently serving on the Historical Advisory Committee for the US State Department. A fellow of the Society of American Archivists, she remains active in archival professional activities both nationally and internationally.
Justus Wamukoya is a Senior Lecturer and Head of Archives and Records Management in the Faculty of Information Sciences at Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya. He has worked extensively in The Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Sierra Leone, Uganda and Tanzania as a resource person on records and archives workshops sponsored by the Association of Commonwealth Archivists and Records Managers (ACARM) in collaboration with the International Records Management Trust (IRMT). In addition to teaching and consulting, Dr. Wamukoya is a trainer for the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) on advocacy and communication of population information and was recently appointed a member of the Kenya Public Archives Advisory Council (PAAC) for a period of two years. Justus has published a number of articles in refereed journals and is an active member of the Eastern and Southern Regional Branch of the International Council on Archives (ESARBICA).
Tywanna Marie Whorley is currently a Ph.D. student at the University of Pittsburgh School of Information Sciences where she is focusing on archives and records management. She holds two masters in History, one from Carnegie Mellon University and the other from the University of Virginia. She has published in the Journal of Negro History.